In November 2013, Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) created landfalls on the island of Leyte, Eastern Visayas, in the Philippines. It was one of the strongest tropical cyclones ever recorded and the deadliest typhoon that hit the Philippines.
The impact, including a massive 5-6 metre storm surge, killed over 6,000 people and displaced more than 4 million people within the Philippines.
In November 2013, a system-wide level 3 (L3) response was activated. The Operational Peer Review (OPR) was carried out in January 2014. It focused on four key areas:
The OPR team included representatives from OCHA, Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), UNICEF, UNDP, and UNHCR. They conducted meetings, workshops, and interviews with almost 200 people from the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), clusters/sectors, humanitarian actors, donors, and national counter-parts. Field missions were undertaken in Tacloban city and Guiuan, where the team met with front-line humanitarian practitioners, local authorities, and people affected by the crisis.
The OPR commended the overall effectiveness of the response. The team recognised that the Transformative Agenda (TA) protocols facilitated large-scale rapid deployment of highly qualified and experienced personnel. The civil-military coordination was considered as a best practice, both with international and national counter-parts.
"The OPR commended the overall effectiveness of the response. "
The team worked with the HCT to develop an action plan that set out actions required to strengthen the response. Some key actions include: