An Operational Peer Review (OPR) is an inter-agency review of a Level 3 (L3) crisis conducted by a team of senior humanitarian practitioners from the UN, NGOs and other Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) organisations.
An Operational Peer Review should occur within 90 days of the Emergency Relief Coordinator’s activation of an L3 crisis. The L3 declaration is reserved for crises of the highest magnitude and activates a number of system-wide Transformative Agenda (TA) Protocols.
OPRs are not assessments or evaluations. They provide the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) and Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) with an opportunity to reflect on the direction and performance of a L3 humanitarian response. OPRs also help identify key of the operation that need to be strengthened.
The team works actively with the HC, HCT, Inter-Cluster Coordination Group (ICCG), clusters, international and national NGOs, as well as other humanitarian stakeholders at the national and sub-national levels. OPRs employ a bottom-up approach similar to that used during normal STAIT missions. The methodology typically involves:
OPR teams look at the Transformative Agenda pillars of leadership, coordination and accountability to affected people. Teams also take up other important issues which may be impacting the effectiveness of the response. Typical examples include access and security management, protection, delivery, and the links between relief and development.
"OPRs are not assessments or evaluations."
During a final retreat with the HCT, the team presents the main issues and good practices that have identified during the mission. The team supports the HCT to adopt a tailor made action plan. The final OPR report and plan is shared with the IASC Emergency Directors Group (EDG) and the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC).
Three to five months after the review, the HC is required to provide an update on progress towards achieving the actions set out in the plan to the ERC and IASC EDG.
OPRs have been carried out in six crises between 2014 and the end of 2015. Countries include: the Philippines, South Sudan, Central African Republic, Iraq, Syria (Whole of Syria), and Yemen.