Following the overthrow of the government in March 2014, widespread violence erupted across the Central African Republic (CAR).
Over 900,000 people were displaced within the country and across borders and an estimated 2.5 million people were in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. Widespread human rights violations were observed, including sexual and gender based violence, as well as the abuse of women and children.
In December 2014, a system-wide level 3 (L3) response was activated. An Operational Peer Review (OPR) was carried out in March 2014. The team conducted meetings, workshops, and interviews with over 200 people from the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), clusters/sectors, humanitarian actors, donors, and national counter-parts.
Field missions were undertaken in Bossangoa and Bambari, where the team met with front-line humanitarian practitioners and people affected by the crisis.
"Widespread human rights violations were observed, including sexual and gender based violence, as well as the abuse of women and children."
The OPR team agreed the L3 declaration strengthened the response, as it led to the deployment of a large number of experienced humanitarian professionals and a Senior Humanitarian Coordinator. A civil-military coordination forum was also established, and substantial additional funding was allocated from the Central Emergency Response Fund.
The team worked with the HCT to develop an action plan that set out actions required to strengthen the response. Some key actions include: