Accountability to affected people (AAP) gives affected people influence over decisions related to their need for support.It takes into account the diversity of communities and allows for the voice of the most vulnerable to be equally considered. It is a recognition of affected peoples’ dignity, capacity, and ability to decide for themselves what their needs are.
The December 2011 IASC Principals meeting endorsed five Commitments to Accountability to Affected Populationsand agreed to incorporate the AAP into the policies and operational guidelines of theirorganisations and promote them with operational partners, within Humanitarian Country Teams and amongstcluster members. In 2013, the IASC released an AAP Operational Framework that summarises key concepts for making programming at the field level moreaccountable to affected populations.
During P2P missions and OPRs, the P2P team has seen that many organisations have sound project-based AAP processes. However, these do not always translate into collective effort. Humanitarian Coordinatorsand Humanitarian Country Teams have requested support to put in place collective approaches to AAP. In partnership with the IASC Task Team on AAP, the P2P team produced a note that sets out some practical steps that Humanitarian Coordinators and Humanitarian Country Teams can take to ensure that accountability to affected people (AAP) guides collective humanitarian response. These steps include:
- Ensure consistent and meaningful engagement: A process that enables the participation of people affected by the crisis should be put in place. Decisions should reflect their views.
- Identify appropriate channels of communication: This requires creating an environment of trust and transparency where the voice of the most vulnerable groups is heard and acted upon.
- Establish a coordinated approach to community engagement, including a common mechanism for information sharing: This requires an agreement on common standards and a platform for information collection and sharing across humanitarian organisations.